Health & Care

FOOD
Adult dogs should eat two meals a day with a mixture of fresh foods and supplements.  Puppies and pregnant or nursing females should eat 3-4 meals a day.  Provide a diet that is well-balanced, uses USDA-certified ingredients and is heavily meat-based with no junk fillers.  This diet must contain meat (beef, chicken, turkey, lamb) as the top two or three ingredients  (not meat byproducts, meat digest, animal byproducts or animal digest).  Whenever possible, treat your frenchie with real food by serving raw meat (ground or chopped) with fresh vegetables (ex. carrots, zucchini, broccoli, squash) pulverized in a food processor mixed with unsalted beef or chicken broth.  When you feed meat without the bones, you should add food-grade, powdered bone meal.  Also add a pinch of powdered vitamin c for their bones, joints and immune system.  If you decide to add grains (ex. oats, barley, brown rice, couscous) in their meal, make sure it doesn't exceed 1/4 of their meal.  Grains are hard to digest and can be problematic for many dogs causing allergies and skin problems.  Avoid the following: chocolate, grapes, raisins, onions, mushrooms, macadamian nuts, deep-fried meats, anything containing hot spices, lots of fat, sugar or salt, anything alcoholic or caffeinated.
Raw Feeding Diet
Human Foods Toxic to Pets
The Truth About Dog Food—an Exposé Every Dog Lover Needs to Read
ENVIRONMENT
Provide a non-toxic environment.  When your dog breathes in something other than oxygen (i.e. chemical droplets from an aerosol spray), his immune system recognizes an "intruder" in his respiratory tract and tries to fight it.  Frequent battle like this wear out his/her immune system and leaves it vulnerable to real illness.  Don't expose your frenchie to aerosol sprays, air fresheners,  all-purpose cleaners, anti-bacterial sprays and disinfectants, furniture polish, carpet cleaners, personal care products (hairsprays, moisturizers, dusting powder,etc), pesticides, paint...well...you get the idea.
HEALTH
Prevent parasites - flea/tick collars and shampoos our outdated.  Don't put or use on your dog.  Since fleas pick on weak dogs and avoid strong dogs, keep your dog's immune system strong by ensuring fatty acids to your dog's diet as it keeps his/her skin and hair healthy.  A good source of fatty acid is s canine supplement from "The Missing Link''.  Use a prescription medication called Frontline and dab between your dog's shoulder blades, where it spreads across his/her body via the oil layer on his/her skin. It works by disrupting a flea's nervous system which kills the little buggers so quickly that all fleas are completely wiped out within 24 hours.  One application works up to 3 months. 
Pet toys - don't give your dog the following toys...
rawhide - it can peel off in soggy strips and choke your dog or obstruct his stomach or intestines.  It's often processed with chemicals such as lye.
pig ears - it becomes soggy and slippery and can lodge in your dog's throat.  Ingredients-wise, they are loaded with fat and can cause diarrhea and vomiting.  To top it all off, they stink and can stain your carpet.
cow hooves - can break into sharp slivers that can punch through your dog's throat and intestines.
ingestible chews (cornstarch bones) - despite the marketing hype, dogs were never intended to eat cornstarch.
anything smoked - loaded with cancer-linked nitrites and preservatives.
GROOMING
coat - brushing and combing your frenchie's coat removes tangles, dirt, dander and shed hair caught in the coat and stimulates skin oils to flow freely which keeps hair healthy.   Too much bathing can lead to itching and skin conditions.  So, use a very mild shampoo .  For more on  shampoo and your pet, refer to these links...
How often should  I bath my dog?
eyes - moisten a soft washcloth or cotton ball with warm water and carefully remove mucous strands and debris from around the eyes.  Be careful not to poke the eyeball.   Pay special attention to the inner corner of each eye where spilled tears collect and form brownish 'sleepy seeds' and tearstains.
ears - regularly trim excess hair from inside the ears.  Hair inhibits air circulation and attracts wax, moisture and dirt, clogging up the ears and providing a breeding ground for mites, yeast, fungi and bacteria.  Clean the ears with a soft washcloth or cotton ball with warm  water.  Squeeze out excess water to prevent it from dripping into your frenchie's ear canals.  Too much moisture attracts parasites.  Swab only the parts that you can see.   Don't try to push too far down the ear canal.
teeth - the best natrual toothbrush is raw meaty bone at least once a week.  The bone scrapes against the sides of your dog's teeth and the meat works up under the gum line.
toenails - if you can hear your dog's nails clicking when he/she walks on a hard surface, the nails are too long.  The nails should not be touching the ground when walking.   Invest in a  quality  toenail cutter.
VACCINATIONS
Allow minimal vaccinations.  Too many vaccinations can make pets sick.  A vaccine does not attack a disease.  It is the disease!  It contains a weakended (diluted) version of an actual disease.  When your pet is injected with a vaccine, his/her immune system is supposed to react by forming antibodies against that disease.  It is these antibodies that protect your pet when it comes in contact  with the real disease.  The immune system contains memory cells.  Once these memory cells have been shown what to do against a particular disease by an initial vaccination, they will produce antibodies  against that disease whenever necessary - for years to come and probably for life.  So, annual booster shots are not necessary.
Regular exams can be a good thing, especially for older dogs.  But vets must stop using the pretext that yearly shots are necessary.  Vaccinations account for a major chunk of a vet's income.  So, it's in your vet's "financial" interest that you bring in your pet every year.  Dr. Charles Loop DVM advises:  "Puppies under three months of age should not be vaccinated.  Give one vaccination of distemper at  three months followed by a vaccination for parvovirus at four months and stop with that." -11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep your Dog  Healthy and Happy by Michele Welton.  The only time a vaccination needs to be repeated is if a puppy doesn't respond to the first one (ex. if his immune system doesn't form immunizing antibodies.  If this happens in a puppy, it's almost always due to the presence of maternal antibodies.  Puppies get antibodies (passive immunity) from their mother's milk.  This natural protection lasts many weeks.  Since maternal antibodies neutralize vaccines, you need to vaccinate after these antibodies have worn off.  This is why holistic vets wait until the maternal antibodies have worn off.   Usually between 11-16 weeks old.

Deworming Schedule
Vaccination Schedule
Vaccinations Are they needed?
Vaccinating small dogs: Risks Vets Aren't Revealing
Avoid combo shots (ex. DHLPP)
EXERCISE
Your frenchie should only get moderate exercise as they tend to overheat their body temperature which can lead to different health problems and even death.  As such, avoid walks when the weather is humid and hot.  When walking your dog avoid running or going at a fast pace.  Their body structure can't take it.  This can lead to labored breathing.  Stick with short walks in cool weather, moderate games of fetch and playing with compatible pets who won't overwhelm them.
<more on exercise>
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